ELEMENTS OF AN INSPECTION

ELEMENTS OF AN AMERISPEC HOME INSPECTION

Home Components | AmeriSpec Home Inspection Services throughout the United States

Click on the text links below the image for a detailed description of each component and what a homeowner might need to think about as it relates to components found both inside and outside a home. This diagram is for information purposes only and includes components that can likely not be seen during a visual home inspection. 

House

1 - GRAVEL
2 - SOIL
3 - ASPHALT DRIVEWAY
4 - SIDEWALK
5 - GARAGE DOOR
6 - GUTTER
7 - ROOF/WALL FLASHING
8 - WINDOW SILL
9 - WINDOW MUNTIN
10 - WINDOW FRAME
11 - WINDOW PANE
12 - SHUTTER
13 - DORMER FLASHING
14 - WOOD SIDING (HORIZONTAL)
15 - APRON FLASHING
16 - COUNTER FLASHING
17 - GABLE DORMER
18 - CHIMNEY CAP
19 - CLAY FLUE LINER
20 - SPARK ARRESTER
21 - DOWNSPOUT
22 - VALLEY FLASHING
23 - PLUMBING STACK FLASHING
24 - PLUMBING STACK
25 - POWER ROOF VENT
26 - SKYLIGHT FLASHING
27 - SKYLIGHT
28 - ROOF VENT
29 - UNDERLAYMENT (FELT PAPER)
30 - ROOF SHEATHING
31 - CEILING JOIST
32 - INSULATION
33 - ROOF RAFTER
34 - COLLAR TIE
35 - LOOKOUT RAFTER
36 - CHIMNEY LINER (METAL)
37 - STUD (GABLE WALL)
38 - RIDGE BOARD
39 - WALL SHEATHING
40 - METAL SIDING
41 - FASCIA BOARD
42 - TOP PLATE
43 - WOOD LINTEL
44 - FELT PAPER
45 - INSULATION
46 - JACK STUD
47 - FIREBOX
48 - MANTEL
49 - HEARTH
50 - EXTERIOR LIGHT FIXTURE
51 - FLOOR FINISH
52 - SUBFLOOR
53 - AIR CONDITIONER CONDENSER
54 - ELECTRICAL OUTLET
55 - DECK BOARDS
56 - DECK BEAM
57 - DECK PIER
58 - HOSE BIB
59 - LEDGERBOARD
60 - DUCTWORK
61 - FURNACE
62 - GRAVEL
63 - FOUNDATION
64 - FOOTING
65 - GRAVEL LAYER
66 - BASEMENT FLOOR SLAB
67 - SUMP PIT
68 - SUMP PUMP
69 - BRIDGING
70 - DRYWALL
71 - DOOR (BI-FOLD)
72 - PERIMETER DRAIN TILE
73 - FOUNDATION WATER PROOFING
74 - BOTTOM PLATE
75 - PORCH FOOTING
76 - STAIRS
77 - HANDRAIL
78 - FLOOR JOIST
79 - PORCH
80 - PORCH RAILING
81 - STEEL LINTEL
82 - WEEPHOLE
83 - DOWNSPOUT STRAP

GRAVEL

Your AmeriSpec home inspector will review the gravel and the condition of the following components:

  1. Base for driveway not visible for inspection.

SOIL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the soil and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper slope
  2. Depressions
  3. Wood to earth contact etc.

ASPHALT DRIVEWAY

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the asphalt driveway and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper slope
  2. Damage
  3. Settlement
  4. Trip hazards etc.

Back to Top

SIDEWALK

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the sidewalk and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper slope
  2. Damage
  3. Trip hazards
  4. Settlement, etc.

GARAGE DOOR

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the garage door and the condition of the following components:

  1. Loose/damaged hardware
  2. Operation
  3. Safety reverse if present

GUTTER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the gutter and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper slope
  2. Damage
  3. Rust
  4. Down spout extensions
  5. Deferred maintenance etc.

Back to Top

ROOF/WALL FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the roof/wall flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Rust
  2. Proper installation

WINDOW SILL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the window sill and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper slope
  2. Deterioration
  3. Caulking etc.

WINDOW MUNTIN

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the window muntin and the condition of the following components:

  1. Deterioration
  2. Damage
  3. Glazing

Back to Top

WINDOW FRAME

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the window frame and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Deterioration
  3. Caulking
  4. Operation
  5. Deferred maintenance

WINDOW PANE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the window pane and the condition of the following components:

  1. Cracked or damaged windowpanes
  2. Breached seals
  3. Safety glass where required

SHUTTER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the shutter and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper operation
  2. Deterioration
  3. Installation

Back to Top

DORMER FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the dormer flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Rust
  2. Leaking
  3. Proper installation

WOOD SIDING (HORIZONTAL)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the horizontal wood siding and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Wood deterioration
  3. Deferred maintenance, etc

APRON FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the apron flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Rust
  2. Proper installation

Back to Top

COUNTER FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the counter flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Rusting and other signs of leaking

GABLE DORMER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the gable dormer and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper flashings
  2. Correct installation of siding
  3. Signs of water penetration
  4. Proper construction

CHIMNEY CAP

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the chimney cap and the condition of the following components:

  1. Missing parts
  2. Damaged parts
  3. Improper installation
  4. Deterioration
  5. Spalling
  6. Sealing

Back to Top

CLAY FLUE LINER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the clay flue liner and the condition of the following components:

  1. Limited review.
  2. Cracked flue liners
  3. Creosote buildup
  4. Blockage
  5. Spalling

SPARK ARRESTER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the spark arrester and the condition of the following components:

  1. a. Proper installation
  2. Rusting
  3. Damage

DOWNSPOUT

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the downspout and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connection
  2. Damage

Back to Top

VALLEY FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the valley flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Wear
  2. Deterioration
  3. Proper installation

PLUMBING STACK FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the plumbing stack flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Leakage
  3. Deterioration

PLUMBING STACK

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the plumbing stack and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper height
  2. Damage
  3. Flashing condition

Back to Top

POWER ROOF VENT

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the power roof vent and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Function
  3. Leaks, etc.

SLYLIGHT FLASHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the skylight flashing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Visible leaks
  3. Damage
  4. Rust

SKYLIGHT

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the skylight and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage/cracks or leaks at flashings
  2. Condition of glass
  3. Signs of leakage

Back to Top

ROOF VENT

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the roof vent and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Flashing
  3. Damage
  4. Restricted airflow

UNDERLAYMENT (FELT PAPER)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the underlayment (felt paper) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Located below roof covering
  2. Unable to view during inspection.

ROOF SHEATHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the roof sheathing and the condition of the following components:

Inspected from attic for

  1. Moisture
  2. Stains
  3. Damage
  4. Proper spacing
  5. Delamination, etc.

Back to Top

CEILING JOIST (WHERE VISIBLE)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the ceiling joist (where visible) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connections
  2. Damage
  3. Cracking
  4. Splitting etc.

INSULATION

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the insulation and the condition of the following components:

  1. Insulation in recommended locations.

ROOF RAFTER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the roof rafter and the condition of the following components:

  1. Splitting
  2. Sagging
  3. Improper notching etc.

Back to Top

COLLAR TIE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the collar tie and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connections
  2. Damage
  3. Cracking
  4. Splitting etc.

LOOKOUT RAFTER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the lookout rafter and the condition of the following components:

  1. Not visible to inspector during a general home inspection

CHIMNEY LINER (METAL)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the chimney liner (metal) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Usually a limited visual review.
  2. Inspected exterior for signs of damage/disconnections

Back to Top

STUD (GABLE WALL)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the stud (gable wall) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Limited inspection
  2. Only visible in unfinished areas

RIDGE BOARD

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the ridge board and the condition of the following components:

Inspected from the attic for:

  1. Cracking
  2. Splitting
  3. Insect damage
  4. Wood deterioration

WALL SHEATHING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the wall sheathing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Limited review.
  2. Normally not visible to inspector due to exterior covering.

Back to Top

METAL SIDING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the metal siding and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Proper installation
  3. Loose pieces, etc.
  4. Inspect and describe the exterior wall covering.

FASCIA BOARD

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the fascia board and the condition of the following components:

  1. Moisture damage and deterioration
  2. Proper connections
  3. Inspect the exterior wall coving, flashings and trim

TOP PLATE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the top plate and the condition of the following components:

  1. Moisture damage/deterioration
  2. Inspect the structural components including foundation and framing

Back to Top

WOOD LINTEL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the wood lintel and the condition of the following components:

  1. Moisture damage/deterioration
  2. Inspect the exterior wall coving, flashings and trim

FELT PAPER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the felt paper and the condition of the following components:

  1. Usually not visible
  2. Inspection of the underside of the roof deck for signs of moisture or damage

INSULATION (WHERE VISIBLE)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the insulation (where visible) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Coverage at occupied areas
  2. Inspect and describe the insulation in unfinished spaces

Back to Top

JACK STUD

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the jack stud and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Deterioration
  3. Movement, etc.

FIREBOX

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the firebox and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Damper operation
  3. Creosote buildup
  4. Inspect and describe the fireplace system and components

MANTEL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the mantel and the condition of the following components:

  1. Signs of pyrolysis
  2. Firebox back drafting
  3. Inspect and describe the fireplace system and components

Back to Top

HEARTH

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the hearth and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper construction
  2. Signs of back drafting
  3. Inspect and describe the fireplace system and components

EXTERIOR LIGHT FIXTURE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the exterior light fixture and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper and safe operation and installation.
  2. Inspect a representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles

FLOOR FINISH

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the floor finish and the condition of the following components:

  1. Signs of damage

Back to Top

SUBFLOOR

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the subfloor and the condition of the following components:

  1. Moisture damage/deterioration
  2. Sagging

AIR CONDITIONER CONDENSER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the air conditioner condenser and the condition of the following components:

  1. Safe and proper operation
  2. Using normal operating controls
  3. Inspect and describe the central and through-wall cooling equipment

ELECTRICAL OUTLETS

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the electrical outlets and the condition of the following components:

  1. Tested for proper wire connections and operation
  2. Inspect a representative number of installed lighting fixtures, switches, and receptacles

Back to Top

DECK BOARDS

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the deck boards and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage and deterioration
  2. Trip or safety issues
  3. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

DECK BEAM

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the deck beam and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Sagging
  3. Improper notching etc.
  4. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

DECK PIER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the deck pier and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Deterioration
  3. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

Back to Top

HOSE BIB

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the hose bib and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper operation and flow

LEDGERBOARD

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the ledgerboard and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper installation
  2. Damage
  3. Deterioration
  4. Inspect the structural components including foundation and framing

DUCTWORK

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the ductwork and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connections/insulation
  2. Airflow
  3. Inspect and describe the central, through-wall cooling equipment and heating equipment

Back to Top

FURNACE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the furnace and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper and safe operation
  2. Excessive rust
  3. Scale
  4. Condition of filter etc.
  5. Inspect and describe the installed heating equipment, vent systems, flues, and chimneys

GRAVEL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the gravel and the condition of the following components:

  1. Base for slab not visible for inspection

FOUNDATION

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the foundation and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage movement etc.
  2. Inspect and describe the foundation and framing

Back to Top

FOOTING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the footing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Unable to view
  2. Property components (exterior walls, doors, windows) for signs of movement, etc
  3. Inspect the structural components including foundation and framing

GRAVEL LAYER

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the gravel layer and the condition of the following components:

  1. Base for slab/footings not visible for inspection

BASEMENT FLOOR SLAB

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the basement floor slab and the condition of the following components:

  1. Cracking
  2. Evidence of leaking
  3. Settlement

Back to Top

SUMP PIT

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the sump pit and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper cover
  2. Debris
  3. Condition
  4. Inspect the drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping

SUMP PUMP

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the sump pump and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper operation/installation/drainage
  2. Inspect the drainage sumps, sump pumps, and related piping

BRIDGING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the bridging and the condition of the following components:

  1. Verify bridging is provided and properly installed

Back to Top

DRYWALL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the drywall and the condition of the following components:

  1. Damage
  2. Signs of movement
  3. Moisture stains etc.
  4. Inspect the walls, ceilings, and floors

DOOR (BI-FOLD)

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the door (bi-fold) and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper operation
  2. Loose/missing hardware
  3. Inspect representative number of doors and windows

PERIMETER DRAIN TILE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the perimeter drain tile and the condition of the following components:

  1. Normally underground and not visible to inspect
  2. Inspect the vegetation, grading, surface drainage, and retaining walls on the property when any of these are likely to adversely affect the building

Back to Top

FOUNDATION WATER PROOFING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the foundation water proofing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Unable to view (usually underground)
  2. Area around foundation for efflorescence or water entry

BOTTOM PLATE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the bottom plate and the condition of the following components:

  1. Moisture damage and deterioration
  2. Inspect the structural components including foundation and framing

PORCH FOOTING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the porch footing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Unable to view
  2. Porch components for signs of movement etc.

Back to Top

STAIRS

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the stairs and the condition of the following components:

  1. Loose/damaged/deteriorated components
  2. Safety issues
  3. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

HANDRAILS

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the handrails and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connection
  2. Deterioration
  3. Safety issues
  4. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

FLOOR JOIST

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the floor joist and the condition of the following components:

  1. Sagging
  2. Splitting
  3. Improper notching
  4. Deterioration, etc.
  5. Inspect the structural components including foundation and framing

Back to Top

PORCH

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the porch and the condition of the following components:

  1. Ceiling
  2. Walls
  3. Electrical
  4. Doors
  5. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

PORCH RAILING

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the porch railing and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connection
  2. Deterioration
  3. Safety issues
  4. Inspect attached decks, balconies, stoops, steps, porches, and their associated railings

STEEL LINTEL

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the steel lintel and the condition of the following components:

  1. Rust
  2. Deterioration
  3. Sagging
  4. Damage

Back to Top

WEEPHOLE

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the weephole and the condition of the following components:

  1. Ensure weep holes are provided
  2. Ensure opening is not restricted

DOWNSPOUT STRAP

Your AmeriSpec inspector will review the downspout strap and the condition of the following components:

  1. Proper connection and support
  2. Inspect the roof drainage system

This page provides examples of the types of items reviewed during an AmeriSpec home inspection, however, the actual items inspected vary by location. Any home inspection will only be performed by contract according to defined standards.

Back to Top